This includes hydro power plants (excluding hydro power electricity produced from pumped storage plants using water previously pumped uphill), as well as electricity generated from solid biofuels/wastes, wind, solar and geothermal installations. The statistics presented in this article are based on data compiled in accordance with accounting rules set down in the Directive 2009/28/EC on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources and calculated on the basis of energy statistics covered by Regulation (EC) No 1099/2008 on energy statistics, most recently amended in November 2019 by Regulation (EU) No 2019/2146. WATCH: Taller than the Statue of Liberty, these wind turbines journeyed across the sea. Share of renewable energy more than … Although renewable facilities require upfront investments to build, they can then operate at very low cost (for most clean energy technologies, the “fuel” is free). All of those factors have contributed to a renewable energy renaissance in recent years, with wind and solar setting new records for electricity generation. This indicator may be considered as an estimate for the purpose of monitoring Directive 2009/28/EC on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources — however, the statistical system in some countries for specific renewable energy technologies is not yet fully developed to meet the requirements of this Directive; for example, ambient heat energy for heat pumps is not reported by many countries. https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/energy/reference/renewable-energy.html, setting new records for electricity generation, average temperatures on the surface are rising. Renewable Energy covers research in the following areas: Biomass Conversion As some countries have not yet fully implemented all provisions of the Renewable Energy Directive, some biofuels and bioliquids are not counted as compliant (sustainable) in the period 2011-2015. In January 2014, the European Commission put forward a set of energy and climate goals for 2030 with the aim of encouraging private investment in infrastructure and low-carbon technologies. Aerothermal, geothermal and hydrothermal heat energy captured by heat pumps for heating purposes is taken into account. Even hydropower at full capacity bears its own emissions problems, as decaying organic material in reservoirs releases methane. Meanwhile, scientists and companies are working on ways to more efficiently convert corn stover, wastewater sludge, and other biomass sources into energy, aiming to extract value from material that would otherwise go to waste. Wind and hydro power accounted for two-thirds of the total electricity generated from renewable sources (35 % each). used in transport by 2020. While the share of renewable energy as a whole is increasing since 2004, between 2010 and 2011 its share in transport decreased. * This designation is without prejudice to positions on status, and is in line with UNSCR 1244/1999 and the ICJ Opinion on the Kosovo declaration of independence. As greenhouse gases trap heat in the atmosphere that would otherwise escape into space, average temperatures on the surface are rising. Hydropower is the world's biggest source of renewable energy by far, with China, Brazil, Canada, the U.S., and Russia the leading hydropower producers. The term often also encompasses biomass as well, whose carbon neutral status is under debate. To a certain extent, yes. © 1996-2015 National Geographic Society, © 2015- When looking at the national targets, fourteen Member States have already surpassed their targets for 2020. Share of renewable energy more than doubled between 2004 and 2019, Wind and water provide most renewable electricity; solar is the fastest-growing energy source, Over one fifth of energy used for heating and cooling from renewable sources, 8.9% of renewable energy used in transport activities in 2019, Renewable energy: a major player in the European energy market, Roadmap for moving to a competitive low-carbon economy in 2050, sustainability of solid and gaseous biofuels used for electricity, heating and cooling, Calculation methodologies for the share of renewables in energy consumption, Electricity production, consumption and market overview, Shedding light on energy in the EU - A guided tour of energy statistics (2020 edition), Energy, transport and environment statistics (2020 edition), Sustainable development in the European Union — Monitoring report on progress towards the SDGs in an EU context (2020 edition), Share of energy from renewable sources (nrg_ind_ren), European Commission — Directorate-General for Energy — Renewable energy, International Energy Agency (IEA) — Renewable energy, Concerted Action on Renewable Energy Sources Directive, https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php?title=Renewable_energy_statistics&oldid=512147. Solar: From home rooftops to utility-scale farms, solar power is reshaping energy markets around the world. Among the EU-27 Member States the share of energy from renewable sources in heating and cooling was more than half in Sweden (66.1 %), Latvia (57.8 %), Finland (57.5 %) and Estonia (52.3 %). At the other end of the scale, the share of electricity from renewable sources was 10 % or less in Malta (8 %), Cyprus, Luxembourg and Hungary (all 10 %), see Table 2. The average share of energy from renewable sources in transport increased from 1.6 % in 2004 to 8.9 % in 2019. Gross final consumption of energy is defined in the Renewable Energy Directive 2009/28/EC as the energy commodities delivered for energy purposes to industry, transport, households, services (including public services), agriculture, forestry and fisheries, including the consumption of electricity and heat by the energy branch for electricity and heat production and including losses of electricity and heat in distribution and transmission. Due to revision of data for biomass consumption in households, the updated data for Croatia indicates that its consumption of energy from renewable sources is above its 2020 target since 2004 (the first year for which values are available). The Public Renewable Energy Finance Flows shown in these tables present an overview of investment transactions for renewable energies from selected public financial institutions. 33 Around 850 utilities in the U.S. offer consumers the option to purchase renewable energy, or “green power.” 34 For updated information on what applies to your country, please visit krisinformation.se, official emergency information from Swedish authorities. Developments in the industrial sector, services and households contributed to this growth. Consumption for pipeline transport was included in gross final consumption of energy, in line with the sectoral classification of the Energy Statistics Regulation. For more detailed definition, please see SHARES tool manual. But "renewable" doesn't necessarily mean sustainable, as opponents of corn-based ethanol or large hydropower dams often argue. If you haven’t heard about hydrogen and … Becoming the world’s first climate-neutral continent by 2050 is the greatest challenge and opportunity of our times. Renewable energy is an increasingly important part of California’s clean energy future. Six countries are near their targets: Hungary, Austria and Portugal at 0.4 percentage points (pp) from their national targets, Germany (0.6 pp), Malta (1.5 pp) and Spain (1.6 pp). Industry and energy together account for 20% of water demand. On a smaller scale, some buildings have geothermal heat pumps that use temperature differences several feet below ground for heating and cooling. Facts and Figures Renewable energy resources alone are not sufficient to meet the predicted dramatic increase in energy demands through 2030. Carbon is the main element in fossil fuels. The share of energy from renewable sources used in transport activities in the EU-27 reached 8.9 % in 2019. Renewables, including solar, wind, hydro, biofuels and others, are at the centre of the transition to a less carbon-intensive and more sustainable energy system. The EFTA country Norway also reported a high share of renewable energy in transport fuel consumption (27.6 %), see Figure 4. Becoming the world’s first climate-neutral continent by 2050 is the objective behind the European Green Deal (COM(2019) 640 final), the very ambitious package of measures that should enable European citizens and businesses to benefit from sustainable green transition. Biomass: Biomass energy includes biofuels such as ethanol and biodiesel, wood and wood waste, biogas from landfills, and municipal solid waste. Some people may object to how wind turbines look on the horizon and to how they sound, but wind energy, whose prices are declining, is proving too valuable a resource to deny. It also doesn't encompass other low- or zero-emissions resources that have their own advocates, including energy efficiency and nuclear power. Data for the period 2004-2010: Directive 2009/28/EC did not yet exist or had not been transposed into national legislation. Demand for energy – for heat, light, power and transportation – is increasing rapidly. Examples of renewable sources are: biomass (wood, wood waste, municipal solid waste, landfill gas, ethanol and biodiesel), water (hydropower), wind and solar. The Green Deal is an integral part of the Commission’s strategy to implement the United Nation’s 2030 Agenda and the sustainable development goals, and the other priorities announced in President von der Leyen’s political guidelines. At the opposite end of the scale, the lowest proportions of renewables were registered in Luxembourg (7.0 %), Malta (8.5 %), the Netherlands (8.8 %) and Belgium (9.9 %). Fossil fuels—coal, oil, and natural gas—do substantially more harm than renewable energy sources by most measures, including air and water pollution, damage to public health, wildlife and habitat loss, water use, land use, and global warming emissions.. On 11 December 2018, the EU adopted Directive 2018/2001/EU on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources. The mass production of electricity using renewable energy sources is now becoming more common. All fossil fuels formed in a similar way. Hydropower: For centuries, people have harnessed the energy of river currents, using dams to control water flow. renewable energy facts, ... popular sentiment toward developing home-grown renewable energy sources. The rest of this article's statistical findings deal with the developments from 2004 to 2019 in the share of energy from renewable sources in three areas: electricity, heating and cooling, and transport. In 2019, renewable energy accounted for 22.1 % of total energy use for heating and cooling in the EU-27, increasing from 11.7 % in 2004. Home » 5 Fast Facts about Hydrogen and Fuel Cells. For the purpose of calculating the share of renewable energy in heating and cooling, final consumption of energy from renewable sources is defined as the final consumption of renewable energy in industry, households, services, agriculture, forestry and fisheries for heating and cooling purposes, plus district heating produced from renewables. Fossil fuels are embedded in nearly everything we do, and as a result, the greenhouse gases released from the burning of those fuels have reached historically high levels. A very significant case is the consumption of biomass, where countries are launching new more detailed surveys that allow them to capture more data on the final energy consumption of biomass. Renewable energy sources include wind power, solar power (thermal, photovoltaic and concentrated), hydro power, tidal power, geothermal energy, ambient heat captured by heat pumps, biofuels and the renewable part of waste. Close. One of them centers on the definition of renewable energy. In 2019, renewable energy provided about 11.5 quadrillion British thermal units (Btu)—1 quadrillion is the number 1 followed by 15 zeros—equal to 11.4% of total U.S. energy consumption. National renewable energy action plans 2020. The Communication proposes five dimensions for the strategy, one of which is decarbonising the economy. The most common renewable sources are water and biomass. Given the 15-year normalisation requirement for hydro power production and the availability of energy statistics (for the EU, starting from 1990), long time series of this indicator are not available. geothermal power station. Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy. Scopri Renewable Energy - The Facts di Witzel, Walter, Seifried, Dieter: spedizione gratuita per i clienti Prime e per ordini a partire da 29€ spediti da Amazon. By contrast, still quite far from their national targets are France (5.8 pp), the Netherlands (5.2 pp), as well as Ireland and Luxembourg (both 4.0 pp). Renewable Energy Statistics 2020 provides data sets on power-generation capacity for 2010-2019, actual power generation for 2010-2018 and renewable energy balances for over 130 countries and areas for 2017-2018. Categories Alternative Energy (205) All calculations take into account specific provisions as in place in Directive 2009/28/EC following its amendment by Directive (EU) 2015/1513 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 September 2015 amending Directive 98/70/EC relating to the quality of petrol and diesel fuels and amending Directive 2009/28/EC on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources. The values in these years are not used for any measurement of legislative compliance with the indicative trajectory defined in part B of Annex I of the Directive. To achieve this, on 11 December 2019 the European Commission presented the European Green Deal (COM(2019) 640 final), the most ambitious package of measures that should enable European citizens and businesses to benefit from sustainable green transition. An important aspect to take into account when interpreting data is statistical revisions. Unlike solar and wind energy, geothermal energy is always available, but it has side effects that need to be managed, such as the rotten egg smell that can accompany released hydrogen sulfide. The consumption of electricity from renewable sources was also high in Denmark (65 %), Portugal (54 %) and Latvia (53 %), accounting for more than half of electricity consumed. Full article. Try the new automatic translation by clicking on the blue icon “Translate” up in the right corner of the article! In 2019, 22 EU-27 Member States registered an increase in the average share of energy from renewable sources in transport compared with 2018, with the largest increases observed for Finland (+3.6 percentage points (pp)), Croatia (+3.3 pp), the Netherlands (+2.9 pp) and Slovenia (+2.5 pp). Even without climate change, fossil fuels are a finite resource, and if we want our lease on the planet to be renewed, our energy will have to be renewable. This positive development has been prompted by the legally binding targets for increasing the share of energy from renewable sources enacted by Directive 2009/28/EC on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources. From 2001 to 2017, cumulative wind capacity around the world increased to more than 539,000 megawatts from 23,900 mw—more than 22 fold. Drought can also cause problems. The share of electricity from renewable energy sources is defined as the ratio between electricity produced from renewable energy sources and gross national electricity consumption. This will greatly contribute to the Commission's political priority as expressed by President Juncker in 2014 for the European Union to become the world number one in renewables. Figure 1 shows the latest data available for the share of renewable energies in gross final energy consumption and the targets that have been set for 2020. Among the EU-27 Member States, the share of renewable energy in transport fuel consumption ranged from highs of 30.3 % in Sweden, 21.3 % in Finland and 12.5 % in the Netherlands down to 4 % or less in Greece and Lithuania (both 4.0 %) and Cyprus (3.3 %). Measures accompanied with an initial roadmap of key policies range from ambitiously cutting emissions, to investing in cutting-edge research and innovation, to preserving Europe’s natural environment. See all of our videos about renewable energy here. 2020 National Geographic Partners, LLC. This article presents the results applying these accounting rules. Renewable energy sources come from natural sources and can be replenished. Global warming is one symptom of climate change, the term scientists now prefer to describe the complex shifts affecting our planet’s weather and climate systems. Find out more about solar power - and learn how this renewable resource harnesses the power of the sun into usable energy. Solar power is the fastest-growing source: in 2008, it accounted for 1 %. It was decided that for the years 2004-2010 all biofuels and bioliquids would be counted towards the numerator of the share of energy from renewable sources. The growing sector creates jobs, makes electric grids more resilient, expands energy access in developing countries, and helps lower energy bills. For the past 150 years or so, humans have relied heavily on coal, oil, and other fossil fuels to power everything from light bulbs to cars to factories. Germany has been called "the world's first major renewable energy economy". Renewable energy directive. Wonder whether your state could ever be powered by 100 percent renewables? Geothermal: Used for thousands of years in some countries for cooking and heating, geothermal energy is derived from the Earth’s internal heat. As a consequence, several countries are revising their data leading to an increase in their share of energy from renewable sources (e.g. Renewable energy is providing affordable electricity across the country right now, and can help stabilize energy prices in the future. Only reported compliant biofuels and bioliquids are counted towards the respective shares of renewables. But a look at ... tells a different tale. Other policies that could encourage renewable energy growth include carbon pricing, fuel economy standards, and building efficiency standards. In any discussion about climate change, renewable energy usually tops the list of changes the world can implement to stave off the worst effects of rising temperatures. Programs like Scotland’s Saltire Prize have encouraged innovation in this area. This means that the growth in electricity from solar power has been dramatic, rising from just 7.4 TWh in 2008 to 125.7 TWh in 2019. Types of renewable energy sources Hydropower: For centuries, people have harnessed the energy of river currents, using dams to control water flow. Of course, renewables—like any source of energy—have their own trade-offs and associated debates. It is different from fossil fuels as it does not produce as many greenhouse gases and other pollutants as fossil fuel combustion.. People have used traditional wind power, hydropower, biofuel, and solar energy for many centuries, all around the world. List item. Marine energy projects currently generate an estimated 500 megawatts of power—less than one percent of all renewables—but the potential is far greater. The latest data for 2005 shows a small variation with respect to data available during the preparation and adoption of the Directive in 2007-2008. There are various forms of renewable energy, deriving directly or indirectly from the sun, or from heat generated deep within the earth. The EFTA country Norway also registered a substantial increase (+6.1 pp). A report on the sustainability of solid and gaseous biofuels used for electricity, heating and cooling (SWD(2014) 259) was adopted in July 2014. But biomass can raise thorny issues. The share of renewables in gross final energy consumption stood at 19.7 % in the EU-27 in 2019, compared with 9.6 % in 2004. That's because renewable energy sources such as solar and wind don't emit carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases that contribute to global warming. With more than half of energy from renewable sources in its gross final consumption of energy, Sweden (56.4 %) had by far the highest share among the EU Member States in 2019, ahead of Finland (43.1 %), Latvia (41.0 %), Denmark (37.2 %) and Austria (33.6 %). Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs) are sold by renewable energy producers in addition to the electricity they produce; for a few cents per kilowatt hour, customers can purchase RECs to “offset” their electricity usage and help renewable energy become more cost competitive. Changes are due to revisions in data sets transmitted by reporting countries in response to annual energy questionnaires. In general, data are complete, recent and reliably comparable across countries. 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