“Cracks up to 3 feet wide and a half-mile long snaked through the hills near the tremor’s epicenter.”. Fire Road to Aptos Creek Trail and back. For users who have commercial software that can read and print PCD files, the photographs are provided in this publication in that format in the "photocd" folder. telephone: 888 ASK-USGS; e-mail: infoservices@usgs.gov, The URL of this page is As the 30th anniversary of the quake approaches, a search through our photo archive turned up dozens of dramatic photos — most never published — from the aftermath of the quake in Santa Cruz and Watsonville. Sign up for the newsletter here, and follow Chronicle Vault on Instagram. The epicenter was located at 37.04° N. latitude, 121.88° W. longitude near Loma Prieta peak in the Santa Cruz Mountains, approximately 14 km (9 mi) northeast of Santa Cruz and 96 km (60 mi) south-southeast of San Francisco. CLICK HERE to view a slideshow (slideshow.pdf; 36 MB). The 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake occurred in Northern California on October 17 at 5:04 p.m. local time (1989-10-18 00:04 UTC). Where. “Some new buildings were standing as if nothing had happened at all. In the hierarchy of file formats, Photo CD (YCC) resides above BMP, EPS, GIF, JPEG, MOV, PCX, PICT, PSD, TIF, TIFF, etc., enabling end users to go from YCC to other formats, but not in the other direction without losing image quality. Each was recorded at a different seismic station. (They were in commercial at the time, but came back as the shaking was still going on, and yes, it was strong enough to be felt that far from the epicenter.) The shock was centered in The Forest of Nisene Marks State Park approximately 10 mi (16 km) northeast of Santa Cruz on a section of the San Andreas Fault System and was named for the nearby Loma Prieta Peak in the Santa Cruz Mountains. In the Santa Cruz Mountains in the forest of Nisene Marks State Park, about 16 kilometers northeast of Santa Cruz and about 7 kilometers south of Loma Prieta Mountains, California. BRUCE BABBITT, Secretary, U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY We thank our colleagues: Richard Pike, for his thorough scrutiny of the entire manuscript; Robert Mark, for reviewing the computer section; Edward Helley, who originally reviewed Open-File Report 90-547; Evelyn (Newman) Billo, David Traudt, Sue Mayfield, Sara Boore, George Havach, Peter Stauffer, and Bob Page for facilitating authoring of this report; Todd Fitzgibbon, for a short course in HTML; and Jack Hillhouse, for supporting the project. By John K. Nakata, Charles E. Meyer, Howard G. Wilshire, John C. Tinsley, William S. Updegrove, D.M. San Francisco earthquake of 1989, also called Loma Prieta earthquake, major earthquake that struck the San Francisco Bay Area, California, U.S., on October 17, 1989, and caused 63 deaths, nearly 3,800 injuries, and an estimated $6 billion in property damage. The building was damaged by the Loma Prieta earthquake and may have to be demolished , October 20, 1989, A search dog os checking rubble near a landslide on Bonny Down Beach in Santa Cruz County after the Loma Prieta earthquake, October 23, 1989, Santa Cruz County towns face unique problems a year after after the Loma Prieta earthquake, October 15, 1990, The De la Cruz and Shaffer boys play, as both families are sleeping out under the stars on Brewington Street in Watsonville because they worry homes are unsafe after the Loma Prieta earthquake, October 19, 1989, A family in Watsonville who used to live in the house in the background now lives in this tent because their home is unsafe after the Loma Prieta earthquake, November 15, 1989, A group of residents of Watsonville still I've in FEMA trailers a year after the Loma Prieta earthquake, October 9, 1990 Photo ran 10/15/1990, P. A4, Nine months after the Loma Prieta earthquake, Santa Cruz Hardware was located in a large tent, in a parking lot behind the site of Pacific Garden Mall, which was severely damaged by the quake, July 10, 1990, Photo: Deanne Fitzmaurice / The Chronicle 1990, Robert Buonasera removes from valuables from his house near Boulder Creek in the Santa Cruz mountains. Dozens of houses in the Santa Cruz Mountains had either collapsed or slid off their foundations, leaving 200 people homeless in the area. He was inside inspecting the damage down to the structure. CLICK HERE to view the captions file (captions.txt) for this publication in ASCII format. The Red Cross set up shelters to house 450 people, but many stayed outside instead, fearful of buildings as aftershocks continued to come. • Changed life: Thirty years ago, a firefighter made a vow while rescuing a woman after the Loma Prieta earthquake. 6 miles (4.2 miles in the summer); 2-3 hours; moderate; or strenuous as an 11-mile out-and-back continuing to Five Finger Falls. Last modified: July 2, 2009, IV. Death, destruction, and havoc were again visited upon the San Francisco area in 1989. While the TV cameras focused on San Francisco and Oakland, the destruction wrought by the Loma Prieta earthquake spread through communities far to the south. Watsonville, a farm town 15 miles away, was even harder hit. On October 17, 1989, at 5:04:15 p.m. This publication consists of the online version of a CD-ROM publication, U.S. Geological Survey Digital Data Series DDS-29. “Toward the end of the shake, the house gave way, tipping 6 feet over the edge of the ravine and coming to rest at a 45-degree angle. https://pubs.usgs.gov/dds/dds-29, Date created: December, 1995 The data for this publication total 606 MB on the CD-ROM and 564 MB for this online version. Subscribe to the Chronicle Vault newsletter and get classic archive stories in your in-box twice a week. In the community of Watsonville, five miles from the epicenter of the earthquake, about 90 percent of the structural damage was from the failure of unreinforced masonry buildings and wooden structures which were not properly bolted to foundations. This building housed a bicycle store and a law office before the quake. Major property damage i… This publication provides images for use by the interested public, multimedia producers, desktop publishers, and the high-end printing industry. Thumbnail—[192 x 128 pixels] Contact-sheet-size images for quick previewing of the entire collection. The town had already been behind in housing its residents when the quake hit. CLICK HERE to browse the print-resolution images (TIFs at about 2000 x 3000 pixels; /tif folder). A San Francisco culture podcast, hosted by Peter Hartlaub. It is fortunate that the epicenter of this large earthquake happened in such a remote area within the Forest of Nisene Marks State … Let's Work Together! We especially thank Alpha CD Imaging of Menlo Park, Calif. for their technical assistance. In one rented home, “four young male farm workers were sleeping inside, ignoring the condemnation notice posted by city inspectors on the front door.”, “No place to go,” Raul Bacerrea, 23, told DelVecchio through a translator. Peterson, Stephen D. Ellen, Ralph A. Haugerud, Robert J. McLaughlin, G. Reid Fisher, and Michael F. Diggles, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR • The big one: Long-forgotten Loma Prieta quake photos show disaster’s depths. Here are the stories of the people who were there. CLICK HERE to view a PDF version of the photographs (dd-29.pdf; 40 MB). Forest of Nisene Marks State Park: Epicenter of the 1989 Loma Prieta Earthquake. The mall was destroyed by the Loma Prieta earthquake, October 20, 1989, Photo: Michael Maloney / The Chronicle 1989, A portion of Highway 1 collapsed through it's support foundation during the Loma Prieta earthquake, October 18, 1989, The media is taken on tour of Pacific Garden Mall, severely damaged by the Loma Prieta earthquake, October 23, 1989, Photo: Chris Stewart / The Chronicle 1989, A group of residents of Watsonville are staying in tents at the Watsonville High School because their homes are unsafe after the Loma Prieta earthquake, October 21, 1989 Families find useful clothes the boxes of donated clothes, Santa Cruz County towns face unique problems rebuilding after after the Loma Prieta earthquake, October 27, 1989, Warning signs were posted throughout the SantaCruz area beaches after the Loma Prieta earthquake caused sewer pipe leaks. 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The epicenter: Rediscovered photos show Loma Prieta quake’s Santa Cruz devastation, Photo: Scott Sommerdorf / The Chronicle 1989, A landslide caused the Loma Prieta earthquake would block southbound lanes Interstate Highway 17 across the Santa Cruz Mountains, October 18, 1989, Photo: Steve Castillo / The Chronicle 1989, Downtown Santa Cruz was severely damaged as seen here the day after the the Loma Prieta earthquake, October 23, 1989, Children walk by a home at the corner of 5th and Jefferson Ave. in Watsonville damaged by the Loma Prieta earthquake, October 26, 1989 Photo ran 11/2/1990, P 10, Briefing, A group of residents of Watsonville are staying in tents at the Watsonville High School because their homes are unsafe after the Loma Prieta earthquake, October 17, 1989, Santa Cruz County towns get blasted b y the the Loma Prieta earthquake, October 19, 1989, Bing Loeong Yim stood in the rain with other Pacific Garden Mall merchants in downtown Santa Cruz . One 15-foot-deep crack along a driveway drew gawkers. Stories from the Epicenter. Santa Cruz looked as if it had been bombed. The earthquake occurred when the crustal rocks comprising the Pacific and North American Plates abruptly slipped as much as 2 meters (7 ft) along their common boundary-the San Andreas fault system. It had a moment magnitude of 6.9 and a surface wave magnitude of 7.1. CLICK HERE to browse the PCD image collection (PCDs at 3072 x 2048 pixels; /photocd folder). “It was eerie,” Mardi Wormhoudt, then mayor, told Chronicle writer Carl Nolte 10 years later. Others had collapsed into the street,” she said. Its GPS coordinates are 37.036 N, 121.883 W. For this column Bill scans and publishes 20-30 images from photos and negatives that haven’t been seen in many years. There was one death in Watsonville, and no significant Urban Search and Rescue requirements. CLICK HERE to browse the screen-resolution images (JPEGs at about 768 x 512 pixels; /screens folder). At 5:04 p.m. on Tuesday, Oct. 17, 1989, a magnitude-6.9 earthquake with an epicenter in the forests above Aptos abruptly ended Central California's long seismic slumber. San Francisco and San Mateo County Coast, IX. It can be easy to forget that Santa Cruz County was hit hard by the temblor on Oct. 17, 1989, when most of the memories seared into the collective consciousness are … (P.d.t. “Most of the hardest hit streets were in the downtown area, housing thousands of Spanish-speaking residents who work in the fields and canneries surrounding the city,” DelVecchio wrote a week after the quake. Contact Bill at bvanniekerken@sfchronicle.com and Taylor at taylor.brown@sfchronicle.com. Seen here October 25, 1989 Photo ran 10/31/1989, P. A6, A woman carries a box go donated food provided by volunteers, to families in Callaghan Park in Watsonville because they're homes are unsafe after the Loma Prieta earthquake, October 21, 1989, Virginia Romero hands out clothes the to the group of residents of Watsonville who are staying in tents at the Watsonville High School because their homes are unsafe after the Loma Prieta earthquake, November 15, 1989 Photo ran 11/20/1909, P. A6, Santa Cruz County agriculture faces severe losses after the Loma Prieta earthquake, October 28, 1989, Workers move the rubble of the damaged greenhouses after the Loma Prieta earthquake, October 26, 1989, A weary fire fighter leans against a tree seated next to pile of rubble in the Pacific Garden Mall in downtown Santa Cruz. “It was just a double whammy,” said Terry Medina, the town’s police chief. Many other communities sustained severe damage throughout the region located in Alameda, San Mateo, Santa Clara, San Benito, Santa Cruz and Montereycounties. On Oct. 17, 1989, the magnitude 6.9 Loma Prieta earthquake hit the Bay Area. More than 4,500 people were displaced and the damage created a homelessness crisis in one of the county’s agricultural centers and remade downtown Santa Cruz. It is edited by Taylor Kate Brown, The Chronicle’s newsletter editor. Near the epicenter, earth itself had been torn apart. It’s part of Chronicle Vault, a twice-weekly newsletter highlighting more than 150 years of San Francisco stories. The earthquake occurred … Federal Center, Denver, CO 80225 3 of 159 Civilians assist firefighters in extinguishing the massive block-long fire at Divisadero and Beach Streets in the Marina District, which was triggered by … The images in this file are 600 dpi, sufficient resolution for making high-quality copies on most desktop printers. • Not Your Century: 1966 — Black Panthers founded. Summit Road Area, Santa Cruz Mountains. “It was terrible, it was brutal.”. (1) Find the differences in arrival time between P and S using Figure 16.9. The Loma Prieta Earthquake was a powerful earthquake that struck at 5:04PM on Tuesday, October 17, 1989 in the San Francisco Bay area in Northern California (USA). 1. And downtown Santa Cruz largely ceased to exist. San Francisco’s Marina went up in flames. This folder was created in 2008 and contains .tif files as we received requests for them in this large, uncompressed, but common file format. HDTV High-Definition Television—[1536 x 1024 pixels] Sufficient resolution for high definition TV, newspapers, and high-quality half-page layouts. It can be easy to forget that Santa Cruz County was hit hard by the temblor on Oct. 17, 1989, when most of the memories seared into the collective consciousness are of the dramatic devastation around the Marina, the Embarcadero, the Bay Bridge and the Cypress Structure. Feel free to use any of these images but please cite the photographer and the U.S. Geological Survey. It was spontaneous, not done by a relief organization, Mary Camera owner of Lily Marlene restaurant salvages a few items near the Pacific Garden Mall in downtown Santa Cruz. This report is also available on CD-ROM from: USGS Information Services, Box 25286, To contact the senior author, email John Nakata (jnakata@sightandsound.com), Sight & Sound Productions. Like what you’re reading? Seen here October 20, 1989 Photo ran 10/23/1989, P. C11, A passerby looks at the fallen wall of the Capitola Venetian Motel and apartment complex after the Loma Prieta earthquake October 20, 1989, The Ceballos family of Watsonville watches TV by a barbecue because they're concerned their homes are unsafe after the Loma Prieta earthquake, October 17, 1989, Mike Miller , Pastor of the St. Patrick's Catholic Church in Watsonville conducts mass in the auditorium of nearby Notre Dame High School after the Loma Prieta earthquake, October 22, 1989, A building in Watsonville tthat was damaged by the Loma Prieta earthquake, carries a hopeful message supporting the Giants in the World Series, October 26, 1989, A structural engineer moves on to check another building in Los Gatos after the Loma Prieta earthquake. Up-to-date information about Photo CD is on the World Wide Web at http://www.kodak.com/go/photocd. A Journey to the Epicenter of the 1989 Loma Prieta Earthquake Located deep in the Santa Cruz Mountains in an area known as The Forest of Nisene Marks is … High Resolution—[3072 x 2048 pixels] Provides the printing industry with resolution sufficient for high-quality full-page layouts at 300 dpi/150 lpi and 24-bit color. • Oral history: The shaken Series — A’s vs. Giants in the World Series, an unprecedented slice of Bay Area sports history. The earthquake caused severe damage in some very specific locations in the Bay Area, most notably on unstable soil in San Francisco and Oakland. The duration was 15 to 20 seconds. The preview thumbnail and screen-resolution images listed above are in GIF and JPEG formats, respectively, but undergo resolution loss due to downsizing, compression and (or) color-palate reduction relative to the original Photo CD images provided below. “Then the rains made a mess of the job.”. The epicenter was located in the Santa Cruz Mountains west of Loma Prieta Peak on a previously undiscovered fault near the larger and well known San Andreas Fault. Disclaimer: Any use of trade, product, or firm names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. The Loma Prieta earthquake, named after the mountain peak near its epicenter, wreaked havoc on the region, killing 63 people, injuring nearly 3,800 more and causing an estimated $6 billion in property damage. To get the slideshow to advance automatically in your copy of Adobe Acrobat Reader, set File, Preferences, Full Screen, to Advance Every 2 Seconds. Then, suddenly, another once-in-a-lifetime event struck. From the Archive is a weekly column by Bill Van Niekerken, the library director of The Chronicle, exploring the depths of the newspaper’s archive. The 1989 Loma Prieta Earthquake's epicenter is deep in The Forest of Nisene Marks State Park. Smack! “The killer quake that walloped the Bay Area Tuesday tore gaping holes and ripped deep, ragged fissures in the rugged Santa Cruz Mountains where it was born,” reporters Tracie Thompson and Rick DelVecchio wrote a few days after the quake. The site is a quite a distance from the urban Bay area and San Francisco, where the tremors brought down bridges and houses. Reminiscent of the 1906 earthquake, the earth shook, like a table bumped, causing a house of cards to fall. Bill Van Niekerken is the Library Director of the San Francisco Chronicle. At the time of this publication, Kodak's policy on the distribution of color-management files is still unresolved, and so none is included in this publication. MAGNITUDE AND EPICENTER The Loma Prieta earthquake occurred on October 17, 1989 at 5:04 p.m. Pacific Daylight Time. ), a magnitude 6.9 (moment magnitude; surface-wave magnitude, 7.1) earthquake severely shook the San Francisco and Monterey Bay regions. Oakland City Hall was evacuated after the earthquake until a US$80 million (equivalent to US$165 million today) seismic retrofit and hazard abatement work was completed in 1995. The epicenter was located in the Santa Cruz mountains, near Loma Prieta peak, about 70 miles south of San Francisco. Oct. 17 marks the 25th anniversary of the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake. The 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake occurred on California’s Central Coast on October 17 at 5:04 p.m. local time (1989-10-18 00:04 UTC). Though the Loma Prieta earthquake of 1989 lasted only for a duration of roughly 20 seconds, it was one of the worst earthquakes to have hit the San Francisco Bay Area in California; leaving over 63 people dead and injuring thousands more. “Downtown crumpled into the street,” Nolte wrote. Our photographic coverage reflects the time and resources available immediately after the event and is not intended to portray the full extent of earthquake damage. • Changed region: All of our 30th anniversary coverage of the 1989 quake. The quake lasted 15 seconds and struck during the peak of evening rush hour. Seven people died in the county, and more than 800 were injured. This publication contains 103 digitized color 35-mm images from Open-File Report 90-547 (Nakata and others, 1990). Screen Resolution—[786 x 512 pixels] Ideal for computer viewing and multimedia projects. “I prefer being out here,” Jill Bard said. This online version does not include the Acrobat Search index files. Boulder Creek resident Robert Buonasera narrowly missed going down with his house. A madrone tree and a big freezer in the basement kept the structure from tumbling down the ridge.”. The buildings was damaged by the Loma Prieta earthquake , October 20, 1989 Photo ran 10/25/1989, P. A1, Photo: Deanne Fitzmaurice / The Chronicle 1989, Resident Kenny Reid shores up pilings under his from his house near Lompico Canyon in the Santa Cruz mountains. A group of residents of Watsonville help feed their neighbors in Watsonville after the Loma Prieta earthquake, October 23, 1989. Measured at 6.9 on the Richter Scale, the worst damage was in the nearby cities of Watsonville and Santa Cruz. The Loma Prieta earthquake, also known as the Quake of '89 and the World Series Earthquake, [4] was a major earthquake that struck the San Francisco Bay Area of California on October 17, 1989, at 5:04 pm local time. The PCD files linked below are the same print-quality images. Research was done using paper clippings, and cameras shot film. Loma Prieta in the Santa Cruz Mountains. This major earthquake caused 63 deaths, 3,757 injuries, and an estimated $6 billion in property damage. The earthquake measured 7.1 on the Richter scale, classifying it as "major".The earthquake ran along the San Andreas Fault, the epicenter was located near the Loma Prieta peak in the Santa Cruz Mountains. The diagonal beams are the original ones, while the straight ones were added by Reid. The focal depth was 11 miles (typical California earthquake focal depths are 4 to 6 miles). “The drain was already under way before 1989; the Oct. 17 quake worsened it.”. 3. 2. Life after disaster: Chronicle’s oldest negatives show a return to normality in 1906, Bam! On October 17, 1989, at 5:04:15 p.m. (PDT), a magnitude 6.9 earthquake severely shook the San Francisco and Monterey Bay regions. The shock was centered in The Forest of Nisene Marks State Park approximately 10 mi (16 km) northeast of Santa Cruz on a section of the San Andreas Fault System and was named for the nearby Loma Prieta Peak in the Santa Cruz Mountains. Seen here October 18, 1989 Photo ran 10/21/1989, P. B1, Stephanie Garcia, 6, is eating soup provided by volunteers, to families in Callaghan Park in Watsonville because they're homes are unsafe after the Loma Prieta earthquake, October 21, 1989, A relief truck navigates over the crumbling Redwood Lodge Road in the Santa Cruz mountains after the Loma Prieta earthquake, , October 23, 1989, A group of residents of Watsonville are staying in tents at the Watsonville High School because their homes are unsafe after the Loma Prieta earthquake, October 21, 1989 Here a boy finds a shirt among the boxes of donated clothes, Earthquake expert Peter I. Yanov struggles to crawl back out of a destroyed building in Watsonville after the Loma Prieta Earthquake. Text archive Long-forgotten Loma Prieta earthquake moved his house ” Mardi Wormhoudt, then,! Has links rather than files for the newsletter HERE, ” she said street, ” the reporters.. 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